When the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) was launched in 1986, its visionaries recognized that the Canadian Prairie Parkland Region would be crucial to its success. Shortly thereafter, the Prairie Habitat Joint Venture (PHJV) began implementing habitat programs across the Region — in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba — signalling the clear intent to retain, restore and manage the natural wetland and upland habitats needed to sustain healthy waterfowl populations. Strong partnerships among conservation agencies and other organizations and individuals emerged, and remain today.
The success of NAWMP also relies on functional ecosystems outside of the Prairie Parkland Region. To the immediate north, Canada’s Western Boreal Forest (WBF) is a vast, wetland-rich area with duck numbers surpassed only by the Prairie Parkland Region. The WBF also is critical to populations of prairie ducks and many other wetland- associated birds, which move between these biomes during the Prairie Parkland Region’s regular wet-dry cycles. Over the past decade, the PHJV recognized increasing habitat threats to the WBF and responded by expanding the partnership to include wetland-waterfowl conservation in this ecologically and spatially linked biome.